Sweden's goal is to have a fossil-free fleet by 2030. It is a very ambitious goal that requires innovation, decision and action. An example of innovation is the electric highway which, as it is known, effectively reduces CO2 emissions. Electric highways are considered to be self-financed, which increases the interest for a fast, large-scale introduction. Electric highways provide new business and export opportunities for business as well as effective government tax instruments.
Extensive research on electric highways has been conducted in Sweden since 2009. In 2012, Siemens presented a test environment that confirms research results through practical tests. In April 2013, a contract was signed between the South Coast Air Quality Management District and Siemens to build a demo line in Los Angeles Harbor / Long Beach. It is now high time for Sweden to take a decisive step towards reaching the goal of fossil-free fleet 2030 and positioning the country as a leading player in electric highways.
This investigation aims to identify a location and stakeholder who can demonstrate, explain and convince a broad public, decision makers and commercial actors that electric highways are an important part of future fossil-free road transport.
The investigation proposes that the demo environment be located to Växjö with PostNord as a logistics operator. The financing is proposed through the pre-commercial procurement, innovation procurement, which has been implemented. The crucial reasons for Växjö are:
There are alternatives to Växjö if the demo environment is not feasible. Piteå, Gothenburg and Borås have shown a strong commitment and demonstrated good environments for demo and testing. The assessment is that involvement and experience of similar projects is the most important success factor.
The demo environment is the next necessary step in an unique world-wide development where the vision is that Sweden 2030 has a new self-financed transport system, and a large part of the heavy transports are electrified. Dependence on fossil fuels and greenhouse gas emissions has decreased while ensuring the needs of reliable transports in society. The demo environment can position Sweden as a leading country in electric highways where a number of major industrial companies deliver complete transport systems including electrical infrastructure, heavy hybrid vehicles and ICT services for traffic management, communications and security. At the same time, effective instruments have accelerated the phasing out of old vehicles, and Sweden is well positioned for the electrification of 50,000 km of transport intense roads in Europe.